Stem cells are defined as unspecialized cells that are capable of renewing themselves through cell division or even produce daughter stem cells. What makes stem cells very unique is their potential to become specialized cells in the body that can give rise to the formation of various tissues, organs, or even bones needed in different parts of the body. Because of this ability, stem cells are now slowly being used to treat diseases and heal damaged internal parts of the body through the process of Stem Cell Therapy in Las Vegas, NV.
Until very recently, scientists have primarily worked with only two kinds of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and “somatic” or adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are derived or taken from embryos that have only been implanted for 3-5 days. These cells have the fastest ability to produce more stem cells and are very much capable of turning into specialized cells. Adult stem cells, on the other hand, can be found in various organs and bone marrow. These cells are rare, however, they have a very limited capability in self-division or even in producing more daughter stem cells.
While embryonic stem cells are much more effective, there have been many moral and ethical debates surrounding the use and harvesting of stem cells from a days-old embryo. Because of this, regenerative medicine through stem cell therapy has not been made widespread and a fully acceptable solution to diseases. Fortunately, scientists have found a way to harvest very capable stem cells from a different source—one that is thought to be useless after its purpose has been fulfilled.
The umbilical cord has been thought to only serve as a lifeline between the mother and the fetus and is usually discarded and thrown away after the baby is born. Scientists, however, have discovered that the umbilical cord blood and even the placenta of a newborn child contain stem cells that can be easily collected and frozen for later use. This, then, has given rise to more innovative solutions in medical problems through stem cell therapy or PRP therapy in Iowa, for as it turns out, cord blood stem cells have the ability to produce all other cells found in the blood including cells needed in the immune system.
Today, cord blood stem cells are used to treat several diseases relating to the blood and immune system, such as leukemia. What’s even better is that compared to stem cells found in adult organs and bone marrow, cord blood stem cells are easily compatible with a lot of patients’ immune systems—leading to fewer complications after therapy.
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